(双语)Seven Suggestions To Help You Learn More Efficiently / 老师给你七条建议变成更好的学生

The below article is soon going to be published on WeChat, but for copyright reasons I'd like to publish it on my blog first, since I wrote the entire thing. Well, that's not strictly true, this awesome guy called Roger kindly contributed the Chinese translation...his Chinese is still a lot better than mine! Still, the English article is all mine.


Seven Suggestions To Help You Learn More Efficiently
老师给你七条建议变成更好的学生



Being a teacher often comes with a stigma, we supposedly know it all, we have all the answers. My students often ask me the strangest questions about just about anything. Over the course of my teaching career, be that as a private instructor or a teacher in a school, these questions have evoked all sorts of emotions. I've laughed out loud, smiled in amusement and simply stared in utter disbelief, wondering how my student's question related to the present topic. If my students were as creative with their homework as they are with asking questions I'd have a blast.
作为老师常常会被人误解,认为我们应该什么都知道,可以回答任何问题。我的学生经常问我一些关于任何事情的极其古怪的问题。在我的教学生涯里,无论是作为私人辅导老师还是作为学校老师,这些奇怪的问题总能诱发不同的情感。我会大声地笑出来,微微地笑或者只是瞪大着双眼,去思考学生们的这些问题跟我当下的话题究竟有何关系。要是我的学生做作业也有如同他们提问时一样富有创造力,那我就要崩溃了。

Even though I don't have all the answers I always encourage my students to ask questions. A very wise man (my dad) once told me: "In this world asking is the only thing that's for free." and he's right. It doesn't cost anything to ask a question and it it's never wrong...unless the question is inappropriate but that's a different story all-together.
尽管我回答不了多少有的问题,我还是一直鼓励我的学生们多问问题。一个智者(其实就是我爹)曾经告诉我这个世界上唯一不要钱的事情就是问问题,他显然是对的。问别人问题不需要你去付出什么,也不会是一件错事,除非你问了一个很不得体的问题,那就完全是另外一回事了。

I enjoy the challenge of answering my students' questions. Sometimes the answer is straight-forward, sometimes I have to think a while to figure out how to best answer it and sometimes I need to excuse myself and tell my students that I'll have to do a little bit of research before I can definitely answer their question.
我非常喜欢回答学生问题带来的挑战性。优势我的答案可以是很浅显的,优势我也得花点时间想想如何给出最好的答案,而有时,我则不得不向学生道歉并告诉他们,在能给出他们准确的答案前,我可能还需要时间做一点研究。

If we disregard the popular questions about my personal life, living in China and the occasional grammar question, students generally ask for some study tips. I always try my best to tailor my suggestions to give the student asking specific advice relevant to them. Every student has different goals and as such I would like to offer the best possible advice.
如果将那些关于我的个人生活、在中国的生活以及一些偶尔的关于语法的这一些最常问的问题忽略不计,学生们基本上都会问一些学习上的建议。我总是尽我全力为每一个学生提出的具体问题给他们量身定制一些建议。每个学生都有不同的目标,因此我也想尽我所能的给到他们最好的建议。

In this article I would like to take the opportunity to give my students some general study tips that are useful and easy to adapt. Some of them you might be familiar with, others you might not have heard of before or you might find them somewhat strange to adopt but if you put a little effort into it, you'll reap the results. So here we go, I'd like to give you seven, hopefully useful, tips:
在这篇文章里,我想给我的学生们一些有所帮助也容易上手的学习建议。也许你熟悉其中的一些,也许有些是你未曾听说过的,也有可能你会觉得你自己实践起来会有些奇怪,但只要你稍稍努力去尝试一下,你一定会有所收获的。那我们就开始吧,我将给到你们七条我希望会对你们有所用的建议;




1) Adopt a "CAN DO" attitude.
I've discovered that students sometimes shy away from more difficult tasks, afraid that their comprehension isn't good enough to keep up with other, more advanced, students. I say: That's rubbish! The most important thing is a positive attitude, a positive way of thinking. Approach a new set of words, a new article, a news talk or social class with a "CAN DO" attitude. Tell yourself that you'll try your best. Trying and failing is the best way to success, not trying because you're afraid of failing is a surefire way to remain stuck in one place. So dive into deeper waters, get in over your head, get out of your comfort zone, do something you haven't tried before. You'll not only improve your language skills over time but also your self-confidence.

一,保持一个我能行的态度
我发觉学生们有些时候面对困难的问题会表现的避而远之,害怕他们的理解能力不好从而不能跟上那些比他们更好的学生。我要说“那是扯淡!最重要的莫过于要保持一个积极的态度,一种积极的思考方式。当面对一套新的词汇,一篇新的文章,一篇新闻,或者一趟社交口语课,都一定要保持一个我能行的心态。告诉自己你一定会努力。尝试并且失败了是通向成功最好的一条路,而因为害怕失败就不去尝试则一定会让你卡在原地不能进步。所以要潜入深水,淹没你整个头,远离那种你最舒适的方式,尝试一些你从未尝试过的食物。不讲不仅能提高你的语言技巧,还能提升你的自信心。




2) Don't get in over your head.
Pressure to achieve certain goals and test scores can easily make you feel tired and lose the interest to learn. Sometimes you simply can't avoid it and you need to tackle a lot of different things to prepare for an important test, a paper, an interview or a presentation. Before you load too much onto your plate, take a moment to consider what you need to learn and look at the timeframe you have, then make yourself a study plan and stick to it. When you're tired, exhausted or sick you don't learn well so make sure you eat healthily, take regular study breaks and sleep enough. You'll remember more than you'll do if you spend every day studying for eight hours in a row. If you're not sure how to make yourself a study plan try to speak to your teacher and ask for help, that's what they are there for after all.

二,不要昏了头
达成目标的压力和考试的分数很容易让你感到疲惫并失去学习的兴趣。有时候这种事情无法避免,你不得不去为一次重要的考试、文章、面试或是演讲做各种准备。在你超载之前,花点时间想想在你的时间构架里你需要学习和了解的是什么,然后给自己做一个学习计划并坚定执行。当你厌倦了,精疲力尽了,甚至是烦躁时就不会学好,那就要保证饮食的健康,保持有规律的休息时间和充足的睡眠。这样下来,你会比每天不停地学习八个小时要记住的更多。如果你不知道怎么做学习计划,那么找你的老师求助,因为老师就是帮助你学习的。




3) Learn things you are interested in.
Every student has a different reason as to why they need/want to learn. Some students want to study abroad, others are looking for a better job opportunity, yet others are making an effort so that they can help their children and some might learn just for fun and these are just some of the reasons... Whatever your personal reason might be, think of the things you are interested in and try to incorporate those things into your studies. If you like art and you're learning English, then use the target language to learn more about your interests. Challenge yourself but keep yourself interested by using familiar topics you can relate to. Using this method puts the fun back into your studies.

三,学习你感兴趣的东西
每个学生对于他们为什么要或是想学习都有不同的理由。有些学生想出国留学,其他人想要找份好工作。也有人想努力想要更好地辅导孩子或是简单的学着玩,还有很多…….不管你的学习理由是什么,想想你感兴趣的是什么,并将你感兴趣的东西和你的学习挂钩。如果你喜欢艺术又同时在学英语,那就用英语去学习你的兴趣。用一些你熟悉的话题,挑战自己,同时也要保持兴趣感。这样你就能把乐趣带入你的学习中。




4) Prepare for your classes and ask questions.
During self-study you might not necessarily have the chance to ask all that many questions so take a note of the things you are not certain about, the things you don't quite understand and ask your teacher about them. If you don't have the opportunity to do so in class, go and find your teacher before or after class and ask if they could spare some time to help you with something. Preparing your thoughts and the things you don't fully understand helps you to identify the areas you need to improve in and asking questions is always free so use that chance.

四,上课前好好准备,多问问题
在自学过程中你也许无法问那么多问题,那么就把你不确定的问题,你无法理解的东西记下来再去问老师。如果在课堂上你没有这个时间,那么就在课前或者课后去问你的老师是否有空帮帮你。
把你的想法以及那些你无法完全理解的事情准备好,这样能帮助你准确的定位你需要提升的领域,而提问永远是免费的,所以要抓住这个机会。



5) Don't be afraid to say the wrong thing.
Don't repeatedly tell yourself that you mustn't give the wrong answer or can't respond to the teacher's question simply by saying "I don't know". If you answer a question incorrectly it still shows that you thought about the question and tried to answer it. If you don't know an answer, simply tell your teacher. You shouldn't make a habit of saying it but if it's the truth then there is nothing wrong with being honest. You won't lose face, you'll just gain another chance to identify the areas where you still not to improve.

五,别害怕说错
不要反复提醒自己不能说错,也不要在回答不了老师问题时简单地说声我不知道“。如果你回答的不正确,那仍然说明你思考过并尝试去回答了。而如果你不知道,就直接告诉老师。你不应该养成一个说不知道的习惯,但是如果真是那样,至少你也是诚实。你不会没面子,你只是争取了一个新的机会让你更明白自己哪个领域还有待提升。




6) Read a lot and speak a lot.
Reading improves your grammar and increases your vocabulary as well as your comprehension, while speaking gives you the opportunity to improve your fluency and pronunciation. Try to read things you are genuinely interested in and speak without worrying too much. You will improve as you go along.

六,多读多说
阅读可以提高的你语法和你的词汇以及理解能力,而说则可以提升你的流利程度和发音。试着读一些你真的感兴趣东西,然后不要有后顾之忧的去说。坚持下去你就会一直进步。




7) Create an English speaking environment for yourself.
If you have the opportunity to create an English speaking environment at school or with your classmates / friends do it! It's the best way to maximise your language output and increase your chances to practice. Speaking your native language might feel more natural and come easier but it won't help you improve.

七,为自己创造一个说英语的环境
如果你有机会在学校里和你的同学、朋友们创造一个说英语的环境,那就去做!这是最好的能最大限度的提升你的语言输出量和练习量的方式。说你自己的母语也许会感到更自然更简单,但是对你不会有帮助和提高。